[151][152] The Vegan Society criteria for vegan certification are that the product contain no animal products, and that neither the finished item nor its ingredients have been tested on animals by, or on behalf of, the manufacturer or by anyone over whom the manufacturer has control. Retrieved 4 March 2018. [80] Vegan books appeared, including Vegan Recipes by Fay K. Henderson and Aids to a Vegan Diet for Children by Kathleen V. "[309] Donald Watson has stated that he "respects the people enormously who do it, believing that it's the most direct and quick way to achieve their ends. [104] In 2011, Europe's first vegan supermarkets appeared in Germany: Vegilicious in Dortmund and Veganz in Berlin. ", "New Flag Launches to Unite Vegans Across the Globe", "Vegan Calculator - the Vegan Web Designer", "Analysis and valuation of the health and climate change cobenefits of dietary change", Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, An Essay on Abstinence from Animal Food, as a Moral Duty, Moral Inquiries on the Situation of Man and of Brutes, Thirty-nine Reasons Why I Am a Vegetarian, Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows, Animal rights in Jainism, Hinduism, and Buddhism, Moral status of animals in the ancient world, University of California, Riverside 1985 laboratory raid, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals, An Introduction to Animals and Political Theory, Ergocalciferol and Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Veganism&oldid=990980956, Wikipedia articles that use American English, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2020, Articles with Dutch-language sources (nl), Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2020, Wikipedia references cleanup from August 2020, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from August 2020, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2002, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 16:54. 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