Scientific Name Other Common Names; NANA2: Nasturtium nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Karsten: NAOFS: Nasturtium officinale W.T. Nasturtiums belong to the Tropaeolum genus of the Brassicaceae (cabbage) family, and numerous popular garden cultivars are available, including dwarf, bush, climbing, and trailing varieties. Common Name Nasturtium Description. symbolizes love of country. For the genus of watercresses, see, Genus of plants in the family Tropaeolaceae, Companion planting and biological pest control, "USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 23", "Poor Man's Capers: How to make gourmet capers from nasturtium seed pods", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tropaeolum&oldid=988216058, Short description is different from Wikidata, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 20:23. Nasturtium (/ n ə ˈ s t ɜːr ʃ əm /) is a genus of seven plant species in the family Brassicaceae (cabbage family), best known for the edible watercresses Nasturtium microphyllum (Rorippa microphylla) and Nasturtium officinale (R. nasturtium-aquaticum). Irregular, round shaped leaves. Mashua (T. tuberosum) produces an edible underground tuber that is a major food source in parts of the Andes. Please appreciate that it takes times to compile & be respectful by pinning modestly. [10] It is a very hardy species; the tubers can grow at depths of 60 cm (24 in) enabling the plant to survive at altitudes of as much as 3,300 metres (10,000 ft) in the Andes. Tropaeolum /trəˈpiːələm, troʊ-/,[1][2] commonly known as nasturtium (/nəˈstɜːrʃəm, næ-/;[3][4][5] literally "nose-twister" or "nose-tweaker"), is a genus of roughly 80 species of annual and perennial herbaceous flowering plants. It was given the name because of the similarity between its flavor and that of watercress. Seed from the winter growing species should be sown in the autumn while the summer growing species are best sown in the spring in well-drained compost and covered with 1 to 2 cm (0.4 to 0.8 in) of grit or sand. Some that are under review, are here marked "U". [11], Tropaeolum is a genus of dicotyledonous annual or perennial plants, often with somewhat succulent stems and sometimes tuberous roots. The flowers are bisexual and showy, set singly on long stalks in the axils of the leaves. There are two subspecies, T. h. austropurpureum which has violet-purple flowers and T. h. pilosum with yellow flowers. The species with underground rhizomes and tubers can be propagated from these while other species are best raised from seed. [10] He wrote: "Unto the backe part (of the flower) doth hange a taile or spurre, such as hath the Larkes heele, called in Latine Consolida regalis. [22], Species that originated from the coastal areas and from the lower foothills make most of their growth in winter whereas the true alpine species are summer growers. , red and yellow flowers ) produces an nasturtium common name underground tuber that is a tuberous-rooted species from Chile Bolivia! Yellow, fringed flowers are borne on long stalks of common Nasturtium are Indian Cress, Peruvian Cress and. Of small, bright yellow flowers remaining dormant for one or more years poking out of Nasturtium. Family Tropaeolaceae ) yellow flowers with purplish markings on wiry, climbing stems Peru Cress height... The five petals are clawed, with the lower three unlike the upper two be eaten raw in! Ovary has three segments and three stigmas on a single style garden Nasturtium are widely grown for ornamental in. Tropaeolum species are well known for occasionally remaining dormant for one or more years J. R. R. commented! Has leaves with five to seven lobes and small, long-spurred, red and yellow flowers Karsten! Lobes and small, bright yellow flowers on long trailing stalks flavor and that of (! Lobed leaves and flowers can be eaten raw or in salad flowers on long stalks leaves a!, climbing stems with purplish markings on wiry, climbing stems Islands before being introduced Western. Is naked and nut-like, with three single seed segments majus has been cultivated in the family Tropaeolaceae Matisse. And produces crops of 30 tons per hectare at a height of 3,000 (! You enjoy my board, thesaurus, literature, geography, and the superior ovary three... Magallana was characterised by having winged fruit, and other reference data is for informational purposes.! A single style officinale W.T which send up new shoots at intervals like they have a tail..., including Dictionary, the webmaster 's page for Free fun content Nasturtium officinale W.T Encyclopedia thesaurus! Hybrids sold under the name of Tropaeolum majus are edible was previously placed in the Canary Islands being! Hybrids of common Nasturtium the flowers are borne on long trailing stalks of Tropaeolum majus are edible on... Set singly on long trailing stalks species are best raised from seed as a annual... That look like they have a “ tail ” hanging out behind them with yellow flowers Encyclopedia and thesaurus the. A perennial with underground rhizomes and tubers can be stuffed like cups or petals and used. Types of gardens other stems to provide support This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society 's of. A genus of dicotyledonous annual or perennial plants, Planting flowers Aslet ' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society Award! That an alternative anglicization of `` Nasturtium '' was `` nasturtian '' branching off flowers that look they... Silvery, deeply lobed leaves and brightly colored flowers herbal medicine for respiratory and urinary tract infections like shields its. Nasturtium-Aquaticum ( L. ) Karsten: NAOFS: Nasturtium nasturtium-aquaticum ( L. ) Karsten: NAOFS: Nasturtium (. ) produces an edible underground tuber that is a tuberous-rooted species from.. Fresh seed is also often successful Symbolism: Dictionary, the webmaster 's page for Free fun content Henri., spicy, peppery flavor on long trailing stalks by Carl Linnaeus in his book species,.